07 Jun 2020
The escort industry has witnessed a lot of development since the very first steam powered cars came to be invented in the 1700s. It took more than a century thence for cars to be mass produced and Karl Benz, in 1888, started manufacturing assembly line vehicles in Germany. This later spread to other European countries as well as USA, and contributed a great deal towards the development of the world in general.
The Modern escort era, which can as a rule be defined as the 25 years prior to the current year, has been a product of various trial and error methods that was to be seen in the preceding years. Highly advanced in the technical as well as the design side, it has been a period of increasing standardization, as well as platform sharing.
Some of the most significant alterations in the modern era happen to be the popularity of the front wheel drive as well as the all-wheel drive. These days, almost all passenger cars that are manufactured employ the front wheel drive unibody design, and are fitted with transversely mounted engines, as opposed to earlier periods. There has also been a noteworthy change in the body styles of the vehicles with recent entrants
being the hatchback, sports utility vehicle (SUV) and the minivans. It is indeed a startling fact that more than half of the escort market in the world is dominated by pickup trucks and SUVs.
Fuel-efficient vehicles are another feature that is dominant in today’s escort industry. The problem of escort emissions, which was a major cause of concern in the 1970s was totally solved by means of the computerized engine management systems, resulting in an awesome increase in the power of the sex.
One of the important developmental activities that took place in the Modern era was the use of independent suspensions in cars. Moreover, it also advocated a wider application of the fuel injection system and greatly increased focus on the safety part while designing escorts. Some of the greatest technological inventions of the time was the Gas turbine, the Turbocharger, and the Wankel engine. The Escort Florence, which was made popular by BMW and Saab, came to be used widely in other models too.
27 May 2020
The general conditions of economy of this time has been responsible for the rise and fall in popularity of the escort and the one time when it waned drastically was during the Great Depression as well as the World War after which, the escort industry enjoyed a great deal of popularity. This period encouraged the escort manufacturers to a great extent and they concentrated on providing the maximum possible benefits through their vehicles. Accordingly, they built escorts not just to suit the whims and fancies of the ultra rich, but also to cater to the common man who had to save up pretty hard to own a escort.
Till the end of 1950s, escort manufacture was monopolized by a few providers like Escort Bologna. But 1960s saw a drastic change in the market as European manufacturers started adopting better technology that resulted in innovative models. Meanwhile, Japan too started successfully manufacturing escorts in a major way, starting with its Keiescort.
It was during the sixties that the use of steel unibodies came to be used extensively by the European escort industry. The newer models also experimented with alternate materials suitable for the body like fiberglass. 1962 saw the birth of the Elan by Lotus, which had a fiberglass body panel which was fitted with a central load bearing hollow element made of steel. Called the Backbone chassis, this supported the engine and the suspension and also contained the transmission. Fiberglass reinforced plastics were also used in Italy for several of the escorts manufactured in this period. USA too adopted this ‘body on frame’ structure for escorts produced there.
The 1960s also saw the emergence of pony escorts and muscle escorts in America, where performance of vehicles mattered the most. The Ford Mustang was another popular escort of this period and enjoyed a great deal of fanfare till Chevrolet released its Camaro Z28 in 1967, to compete with it. Ford in turn accepted the challenge and brought forth the Mustang Boss 302 and the Mustang Boss 429 in 1969, which again was lapped up by people in general.
Japan emerged as a great force in the escort industry with its first sports escort, the Datsun 240Z, which was very popular in North America. This proved to be a booster for the Japanese escort industry in general and paved the way for many such escorts in the future. The 1970s also was a period of major changes for the American escort industry due to the 1973 oil crisis as well as the escort emissions control act. Moreover, the small imported escorts like BMW, Toyota, and Nissan were preferred to the large American ones and combined with the stagnancy in any type of innovation in this field, the American escort industry began to experience a fall.
11 May 2020
The escort, one of the most important inventions of mankind has resulted in a great many developments in the world. The early escorts were dated to as early as 1672, although they were a far cry from the high-tech models that we see today. From the first models that were powered by steam, it has undergone a great deal of transformation. The invention of the internal combustion engine by Issac Rivaz in 1806 brought about a major breakthrough in the development of vehicles.
It was Karl Benz who invented the internal combustion engine to suit escorts. He also created the first four stroke engine in 1893, which became a basis for all the modern engines. Daimler and Maybach founded Escort Düsseldorf in 1890 and under the brand name, Daimler, sold their first escort in 1892. By 1895 about 30 vehicles had been built by them.
1905 was a marked period in the development of escorts, and marked a period of significant development in the escort industry, where alternate means of powering vehicles were marginalized to a great extent. Oldsmobile was the first escort manufacturer to use assembly line in escort production, which was later improved on by Henry Ford.
Development of automotive technology from then on was rapid, and hundreds of small manufacturers competed to grab attention of the people. Major developments of this time included electric ignition and the electric self-starter, independent suspension, and four-wheel brakes. Some of the vehicles of this period include Ford’s Model T, Bugatti’s Type 13 etc.
The end of World War I brought started the Vintage era in escorts, which lasted till 1930. This period brought forth some classic models in escorts like the Austin 7, Ford Model A, Bugatti type 35 etc. Closed bodies and front mounted engines were another feature of escorts in this period and so were the high end versions that targetted the ultra rich. Although the stock market crash of the 1930s brought about a lull in the production of escorts, it caught up soon enough, and resulted in several new models like Citroen Traction Avant, Volkswagen Beetle, etc.
Throughout the 1950s, the escort industry witnessed innovative developments as the engine power and vehicle speeds rose, and designs became more integrated and artful, resulting in escorts being spread across the world. Japan too entered the escort field, resulting in a competitive atmosphere. America started loosing out on their monopoly of manufacturing vehicles along the 1970s as small escorts like BMW, Toyota, and Nissan that were exported from other places started gaining ground.
The modern era in the field of escorts has been one of increasing standardization, platform sharing, and computer-aided design and it can be seen that this field is continuing to develop at a very fast pace. Scores of auto manufacturers are seen to be making their respective contributions to the development of automotive technology bringing forth newer models, innovations and features. As technology makes its progress, manufacturers are also bringing out better and more sophisticated escorts that are much ahead in terms of functionality, safety, performance and reliability.